TRADEMARKS

A trademark is a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises. A mark may be a word or a combination of words, letters, and numerals can perfectly constitute a trademark. But trademarks may also consist of drawings, symbols, three-dimensional features such as the shape and packaging of goods, non-visible signs such as sounds or fragrances, or color shades used as distinguishing features – the possibilities are almost limitless. Trademarks are protected by intellectual property rights. A trademark registration will confer an exclusive right to the use of the registered trademark. Trademark can be exclusively used by its owner, or licensed to another party for use in return for payment. Registration provides legal certainty and reinforces the position of the right holder, for example, in case of litigation. At the national/regional level, trademark protection can be obtained through registration, by filing an application for registration with the national/regional trademark office and paying the required fees. The term of trademark registration is usually for ten years. It can be renewed indefinitely on payment of additional fees.

• Trademark searches
• Filing of Trademarks
• Trademark monitoring
• Examination procedures
• Opposition procedures
• Pre-litigation and litigation
• Renewals
• Restoration of Trademark
• Trademark Rectification
• Infringement